Did you know the queen of Egypt BEFORE Cleopatra? That created a beautiful temple along with a fantastic ruling period.
- Indurated limestone, paint representation
Hatshepsut, the most successful of several female rulers of ancient Egypt, declared herself king sometime between years 2 and 7 of the reign of her stepson and nephew, Thutmose III. She adopted the full titulary of a pharaoh, including the throne name Maatkare, which is the name most frequently found on her monuments. Her throne name and her personal name, Hatshepsut, are both written inside oval cartouches making them easy to recognize.
image from: metmuseum
2. Hatshepsut temple at night
The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, also known as the Djeser-Djeseru (Ancient Egyptian: ḏsr ḏsrw “Holy of Holies”), is a mortuary temple of Ancient Egypt located in Upper Egypt. Built for the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Hatshepsut, it is located beneath the cliffs at Deir el-Bahari on the west bank of the Nile near the Valley of the Kings. This mortuary temple is dedicated to Amun and Hatshepsut and is situated next to the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II, which served both as an inspiration and later, a quarry. It is considered one of the “incomparable monuments of ancient Egypt.”
image from: Pinterst
3. Ancient Egyptian Symbols
There were many symbols that the ancient Egyptian used extensively. Many of them had one version associated with Upper Egypt, and another with Lower Egypt. The most obvious was the crowns. The Hedjet or White Crown was the crown of Upper Egypt. The Deshret or Red Crown was the crown of Lower Egypt. After the two parts of Egypt were united, the Pshent, or Double Crown was used by the Pharaohs of both Egypt’s. Another was the Khepresh or Blue Crown, the war crown that was used by the Pharaoh in war. The Atef was the crown worn by Osiris. It is made up of the white crown of Upper Egypt, the red feathers are representative of Busiris, Osiris‘s cult center in the Delta.
Image from: guenther-eichhorn
4. Sucking from former ruler
6. Double Crowned Statue
|Hatshepsut (1473-1458 B.C.) was the daughter of Tuthmosis I, and carried the blood of Ahmose who, two generations earlier had finally freed Egypt from Hyksosrule. She married her father’s son and heir, Tuthmosis II, who died before she could bear him an heir. A secondary wife gave birth to the heir apparent, Tuthmosis III. At the death of the pharaoh, however, Hatshepsut did not step down but reigned as the pharaoh’s widow. After a number of years, she then took the unprecedented step of declaring herself pharaoh. In principle, it was a co-regency, but it appears that for about 20 years Hatshepsut wielded power alone while Tuthmosis acquired his reputation as the Napoleon of Egypt, expanding and solidifying the Egyptian empire. Twice before in Egypt, queens had reigned for brief periods but never had they taken the title of pharaoh. In keeping with the unalterable masculinity of kingship, Hatshepsut in many instances had herself portrayed as a man, wearing the royal false beard; in other reliefs and sculptures (such as is the case with this one) she is shown as a woman. Here she wears the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt adorned with a Uraeus. 18th Dynasty
Image from: grisel.net
7. Granite Statue
This graceful, life-size statue depicts Hatshepsut in female attire, but she wears the nemes headcloth, a royal attribute usually reserved for the reigning king. In the columns of text inscribed beside her legs on the front of the throne, she has already adopted the throne name Maatkare, but her titles and epithets are still feminine. Thus, she is “Lady of the Two Lands” and “Bodily Daughter of Re.” On the back of the throne, part of an enigmatic scene is preserved which probably consisted of two back-to-back goddesses. The goddess has the body of a pregnant hippopotamus with feline legs and a crocodile tail appears behind her legs. Although this resembles Taweret, the goddess who protects women and children, it is probably Ipi, a royal protector who appears in the same position on a statue of the Seventeenth Dynasty king Sebekemsaf I (ca. 1575 B.C.) in the British Museum.
Image from: metmuseum
8. Stairway Into Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
Notice the statues at the top of the stairs!!
image from: Unknown
10. Large Kneeling Statue
Dynasty 18, the joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III, (ca. 1473-1458 B.C.E.)
Granite, h. 261.5 cm (102 15/16 in); w. 80 cm (31 1/2 in); d. 137 cm (53 15/16 in)
From Thebes, originally from Hatshepsut’s temple at Deir el-Bahri,
MMA excavations, 1926-30, Rogers Fund, 1929, MMA 29.3.1
Image from: Joannlansberry
11. Joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III
This colossal sphinx portrays the female pharaoh Hatshepsut with the body of a lion and a human head wearing a nemes headcloth and royal beard. The sculptor has carefully observed the powerful muscles of the lion as contrasted to the handsome, idealized face of the pharaoh. It was one of at least six granite sphinxes that stood in Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri. Smashed into many fragments at the order of Hatshepsut’s nephew and successor Thutmose III and dumped in a quarry close by, this beast was recovered by the Museum’s Egyptian Expedition and reassembled. It weighs more than seven tons.
Image From: metmuseum
12. Head of Statue
14. Inside the temple-A partially surviving relief in the temple
Hatshepsut’s temple is considered the closest Egypt came to Classical architecture. A representative of the New Kingdom funerary architecture, it both aggrandizes the pharaoh and includes sanctuaries to honor the gods relevant to her afterlife. This marks a turning point in the architecture of Ancient Egypt, which forsook the megalithic geometry of the Old Kingdom for a temple which allowed for active worship, requiring the presence of participants to create the majesty. The linear axiality of Hatshepsut’s temple is mirrored in the later New Kingdom temples. The architecture of the original temple has been considerably altered as a result of misguided reconstruction in the early twentieth century AD.
image from Wikipedia
15. Close up of Sphinx
Part of the second sphinx of Hatshepsut (31.3.164) is on display in gallery 115. The Sphinx has a long history in Egyptian art, the most famous example being the great Sphinx at Giza which represents the Fourth Dynasty King Khafre who lived almost a thousand years before Hatshsepsut. Sphinxes representing other pharaohs may be seen throughout the Egyptian galleries.
image from: metmuseum