There are only 249 rules of Hammurabi’s club. Do not poke another man’s eye.
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Inscription of the Code of Hammurabi
The Code of Hammurabi (also known as the Codex Hammurabi and Hammurabi’s Code), created ca. 1780 B.C.E., is one of the earliest sets of laws found and one of the best-preserved examples of this type of document from ancient Mesopotamia. The code is a collection of the legal decisions made by Hammurabi during his reign as king of Babylon, inscribed on a stele.
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2. portrait of Hammurabi
This small sculpted head of a man is one of the world’s most famous works of ancient oriental art. The exceptional quality of the sculpture and the advanced age of the person depicted have led some to believe that this is a portrait of Hammurabi, King of Babylon (1792-1750 BC). However, the work probably predates that ruler’s reign. Indeed, some details, such as the manner in which the hair is arranged on the forehead and around the neck, allow the sculpture to be dated to around 2000 BC.
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3.Hammurabi going to war
For nearly 30 years King Hammurabi of Babylon had diligently worked to establish his kingdom. The firm hand of his government had been felt both in his capital city and in other towns of northern Akkad which acknowledged his suzerainty. But at this stage in his reign, there was an abrupt change in his policy.
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4. Re-creation of Statue
The successors of Hammurabi had to face external invasions of Semites, Elamites, houses, and Hittites. Samsu-Iluna (-1749 ─ -1712) stopped an Elamite raid and faced the small houses from the Zagros. The successive kings had to face this Iranian tribe until in -1595 the Hittite king, Mursilis I, went to the city of Babylon and destroyed it, taking with himself the statue of the god Marduk.
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5. Rendition of Hammurabi
So ended the independent history of Mesopotamia, Which now became a province of the Persian empire. Although Mesopotamia was to become a battleground, fought over for centuries by Persians, Greeks, Parthians, and Romans, the people kept alive their ancient customs and traditions until, in the 7th century AD, the conquering Arabs imposed their Muslim religion and culture. Finally, when Mongols destroyed the irrigation system in the 13th century, the region became poor and arid desert land.
6. Rendition of Hammurabi
7. Statue of Hammurabi
The kings before Hammurabi had begun to consolidate the dominion of Babylon over the center of Mesopotamia and, by the time of his reign, had already achieved hegemony over the city-states of Borsippa, Kiš, and Sippar . 6 Therefore, Hammurabi ascended the throne as the king of a minor kingdom amid a complex geopolitical situation, as Ešnunna controlled the upper Tigris River and Larsa the river delta. To east Babylon adjoined the kingdom of Elam, while to the north the Assyrian king Šamšiadad I was carrying out expansionist wars, 7 although his untimely death would cause the fragmentation of his newly conquered Semitic empire . 8
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8. Drawing of Hammurabi
The Code of Hammurabi – The men of the ancient civilizations, as well as the Sumerians and then the Babylonians, had no written laws but observed laws passed down to the voice; not only, not everyone watched them.
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9. Hammurabi Law Code
The code of Hammurabi also states that if a builder builds a house for someone and doesn’t construct it properly and the house which has built falls in and kills its owner, then that builder should be put into death and if it causes the death of the son of the house owner, they shall kill the son of that builder.
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10. Hammurabi in the United States Supreme Court
The South Wall Frieze includes figures of lawgivers from the ancient world and includes Menes, Hammurabi, Moses, Solomon, Lycurgus, Solon, Draco, Confucius, and Augustus. The North Wall Frieze shows lawgivers from the Middle Ages on and includes representations of Justinian, Muhammad, Charlemagne, John, King of England, Louis IX of France, Hugo Grotius, Sir William Blackstone, John Marshall, and Napoleon.
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11. Hammurabi’s Temple
He became the first, who during their rule lasting 43 years, united all Mesopotamia and significantly expanded the boundaries of the Babylonian kingdom by conducting numerous winning wars.
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12. Marble Carbing of Hammurabi
“Hammurabi (fl. c. 1792-1750 B.C.) King of Babylonia. Author of the Code of Hammurabi, which is recognized in legal literature as one of the earliest surviving legal codes…”
Artist: Thomas Hudson Jones
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13. Bust of Hammurabi
The strategic concern of Hammurabi throughout his reign was to assure Babylonia’s control over the Euphrates — the life source of the country.
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14. Hammurabi Praying
A large number of clay tablets of contracts have been found , dating from the reign of Hammurabi and his successors, as well as fifty-five letters of his. 29 These letters give an idea of the daily tasks of governing an empire, from coping with floods to ordering changes in an erroneous calendar or caring for the enormous herds of cattle of Babylon. 30 At the death of Hammurabi, the reins of the empire passed to his son Šamšu-iluna around 1750 a. C. 31
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15. Statue of Hammurabi
This statue was in front of the San Francisco Library and is Ashurbanipal who founded a large library in Nineveh. The statue was created in 1988.
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