The last thoughts of a dying man were the protection of his people.
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The Battle with Alexander the Great
Mosaic Pompeii 100 BC
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2. Alexander The Great at the Deathbed of Darius III’s wife
Alexander the Great at the Deathbed of the wife of Darius III’ 1785. Oil on canvas. Louis Lagrenee (1725-1805) French Neo-Classical painter. Stateira (399-c331BC), captured at Battle of Issus 333BC surrounded by grieving household. Persia. (Photo by Universal History Archive/Getty Images)
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3. Alexander meeting Darius
Alexander the Great has been termed a maverick whose 13-year meteoric reign was an aberration in the history of the age. He was a mythopoeic conqueror who simultaneously lived by the tenets of the strategically sound and the proportionally outrageous; a tribal leader recalling heroic deeds, and a mortal seeking apotheosis through his progression from Macedonian king, to Greek hegemon, pharaoh of Egypt and the Persian king of kings. Was Alexander the Great an empire builder or an empire destroyer?
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4. Alexander in front of Darius
Pen in brown over red chalk, gray-washed, left borderline, squared with black pencil, on brownish handmade paper
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5. Alexander in front of Darius
Alexander before the Dead Body of Darius III, the Last King of Persia. Illustration for Harmsworth History of the World (1907).
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6. Darius III Painting
Darius III was the last reigning King of Persia before their defeat at the hands of Alexander the Great. This model comes unassembled and unpainted and requires modeling experience to complete it. Cast in white metal by Art Girona.
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7. Darius III people
Opposite Alexander stood the army of the Persian King of Kings, Darius III. He was a decent man and a concerned ruler, but his military ability was no match for that of the 25-year-old Macedonian genius. Darius had done his best to thwart Alexander’s progress through his empire. His western governors, or satraps, had been defeated at the Granicus three years before, and he himself had fled the field of Issus ignominiously when Alexander and his elite Companion cavalry managed to chew their way through his Royal Guard. So quickly had Darius taken a flight that the Persian royal family—his mother, wife, and daughters—had fallen into Alexander’s hands. Although Alexander by all accounts behaved chivalrously toward the Persian ladies and allowed them to retain their titles and privileges, their loss must have been a crushing blow to Darius’s spirit.
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8. Darius on a chariot
illustration of Richard scollins showing the Achaemenid Persian emperor Darius III with his warriors during the war against Alexander the great
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9. Alexander Mosaic featuring Darius III
When first discovered in the 1830s, the mosaic was thought to represent a battle scene from the Iliad; but architectural historians are now convinced that the mosaic represents the defeat of the last Achmaenid dynasty ruler King Darius III by Alexander the Great. That battle, called the Battle of Issus, took place in 333 BC, only 150 years before the House of the Faun was constructed.